Hepatitis C is a disease that every year cut a swath through the people all around the world. In our country almost 1,5% of the population is infected with this disease. We all are afraid of HIV infection, sexually transmitted diseases and other viral diseases, however it is more likely to die of HCV, because due to low awareness people are not afraid of it.
Nearly 90% of people are not aware of being a carrier, they learn about the disease when symptoms appears and the disease is on the advanced stage. Ways of infection are similar to HIV, through contact with infected blood, at the dentist, beautician and hospital, having sex without protection, although it is not transmitted by semen, but it's always better to protect yourself if you do not know your partner or if he/she is infected. Stage of latency of the disease can last many years, therefore, it is difficult to associate the first symptoms with any particular event. The virus may cause hepatic cirrhosis and liver cancer, therefore, his disease has high mortality rate.
Detection of hepatitis C is very easy, it takes to do appropriate blood tests, so it is worth to ask for this additional test during the annual full blood count. The treatment consists mainly in the use of appropriate drugs, in extreme cases, there is a need of liver transplantation. The treatment takes on average a year, and the curability reaches 60%, but it all depends on the time of its detection.
People suffering from HCV must follow a specific diet and hygiene. The disease has no specific and immediate symptoms, but when our skin and eyeball start to be yellow it is a sign that something is happening with our liver, but this is not a sign of hepatitis C, it can be a symptom of some problems with the gall-bladder. When additionally there are some cold-like symptoms it is a sign that something serious is happening. There is no vaccine for hepatitis C. In order to not fall for this disease one must comply with the hygiene rules and choose those beauty salons and dentist’s offices that have the appropriate sterilization equipment . If a nurse or a doctor wants to give us injection without gloves or with a needle, which was not unpacked before our very eyes we should firmly object to it.